What Is Black Butler? A Brief Guide to the Anime & Manga Series

Black Butler (Kuroshitsuji)

Black Butler (Kuroshitsuji) is a series with some serious staying power. It debuted in 2006, and until the present day, it has found incredible success in Japan and abroad, with the manga selling over 28 million copies worldwide. (Not to mention every girl in my high school wore some amount of related Hot Topic merch.) 

While Yana Toboso, the author of the work, had every intention to end Black Butler after the fourth chapter, its boom in popularity didn’t allow it. As of writing this article, the manga series has 154 chapters, compiled into 28 volumes. There are three seasons of the anime, a video game release, two drama CDs, five stage musicals, countless artbooks, and two films with one of them a live action. 

In April 2020, Japanese manga fans were asked which five series defined them… and yes, Black Butler made the top 50

Whether or not SQUARE ENIX’s Black Butler is your cup of English tea, the series remains a powerhouse of the dark fantasy genre, and shows what’s possible when a manga series gains such a supportive fanbase. But what is the pull? What keeps audiences coming back almost 14 years after Ciel and Sebastian’s story began?

Black Butler (Kuroshitsuji)

Black Butler’s Story Is Incredibly Tragic and Not for Kids

Set during the Victorian era in Great Britain, 13-year-old Ciel Phantomhive is not your average child. The blue-haired boy with a permanent frown runs a toy, food, and candy company, Funtom Corporation, and acts as the head of a noble family. 

On his 10th birthday, Ciel’s parents were murdered when a fire was set in their manor. Immediately following the horrid attack, Ciel is kidnapped and sold as a slave to a cult, its members shown to worship and revere demons. 

Tortured and abused at the hands of these devil-worshippers, a night comes in which a summoning is performed, with the cult members attempting to use Ciel as a sacrifice to bring forth a demon. However, when the demon Sebastian appears, he plainly states that Ciel was the one to summon him, making the young boy his true master. 

Of course, as anyone would be likely to do with a powerful demon servant at their disposal, Ciel orders Sebastian to slay the cultists and rescue him from his cage.

Ciel had previously been branded by the cult with a ‘mark of the beast’ on his side, and to show proof of their contract, Sebastian places a symbol on Ciel’s right eye, the reason for Ciel’s eyepatch. Having a devil servant isn’t something I’d advertise either. 

The contract states that Sebastian will aid Ciel in getting revenge against those who killed his parents and ruined his life, and when that is completed, Sebastian will consume Ciel’s soul as payment.  

Taking over his father’s position as head of the family, he also assumes the role of the Queen’s watchdog, which tasks him with investigating cases which Queen Victoria believes are important to the wellbeing of England. 

When not out hunting criminals and avenging his family’s memory, Sebastian is simply a butler, and Ciel is the picture of a proper English gentleman. 

Ciel’s story is tragic and upsetting, and the subject matter which the series handles is extremely heavy. However, there are a fair share of laughs to be had, and a bevy of characters with equally complex backstories and motivations. The Phantomhive tale doesn’t end with Ciel and Sebastian. 

Black Butler (Kuroshitsuji)

Who Are the Main Characters of Black Butler? 

There are dozens of vital characters introduced throughout the manga and anime series. The ones introduced here limit the risk of spoilers, and give you the chance to experience this moving tale on your own terms. 

  • Ciel Phantomhive: The 13-year-old protagonist of the series. Arrogant, cold and unwavering, he wants nothing more than to achieve his revenge. Ciel is accustomed to luxury and typically displays a mature persona. Though, on occasion, he can show his more childish side, demanding sweets and loving competition. 
  • Sebastian Michaelis: The ancient demon butler of the Phantomhive household, Sebastian is dedicated to his master, dressing Ciel in the morning, serving his meals, and ensuring that the household runs smoothly. His true nature is sadistic and ruthless, which can be glimpsed in battle. He loves cats, and finds the study of humans fascinating.
  • Baldroy: The American chef of the Phantomhive household. While passionate about cooking, he typically ends up blowing up the kitchen by using flamethrowers and blowtorches. In his past he was a soldier, which may explain his love for weapons in the kitchen.
  • Finnian: The gardener of the household, Finnian has a deep respect for Ciel and Sebastian. A crybaby, Finnian’s childish nature hides a deeply disturbing past. He has superhuman strength and often forgets to be careful with it, leading to plenty of structural damage in the manor. 
  • Mey-Rin: The ditzy maid, Mey-Rin is known for her poor eyesight and constant clumsiness, always tripping and breaking things. However, due to her far-sightedness, she is an incredible sniper, and uses this skill to protect the manor. She has a crush on Sebastian which she hides poorly. 
  • Grell Sutcliff: A grim reaper, Grell is one of many reapers responsible for examining and collecting souls. Flamboyant and bloodthirsty, Grell enjoys hitting on Sebastian at every opportunity, though the demon loathes reapers. He has a very limited understanding of human relationships and sees emotion as meaningless. 
  • Undertaker: While once a funeral director, Undertaker was once a successful grim reaper, now retired, or, as some would call him, a deserter of the business. Mysterious and strange, he is a friend of the Phantomhive household, and enjoys a good laugh. 

Season Two of Black Butler introduced audiences to two new anime-exclusive main characters alongside Ciel and Sebastian. 

  • Alois Trancy: An Earl and head of his household, Alois is a 14-year old boy with his own demon butler. The symbol of his contract is on his tongue, and he is far more outwardly sadistic than Ciel, often quick to anger. Constantly seeking attention and approval, he enjoys torturing others for his own satisfaction. 
  • Claude Faustus: The demon butler of the Trancy household, he is sometimes called the ‘spider butler.’ Often emotionless and quiet, his personality changes drastically after he meets Ciel. 

Black Butler (Kuroshitsuji)

Black Butler Isn’t Just an Anime and Manga Series Anymore

The first and second seasons of Black Butler have 36 episodes which aired between 2008 and 2011, along with an additional seven OVA episodes. While the first season contains characters and plot points which can also be found in the manga, season two was completely original, with characters and a story that could only be found in its 12-episode run.

The original manga began serialization in the magazine Monthly GFantasy, a shonen magazine published by SQUARE ENIX. The magazine is also famous for running Saiyuki, Zombie-Loan, The Royal Tutor, and Pandora Hearts

In 2014, a new anime adaptation was released titled Black Butler: Book of Circus. The 10 episode series followed the Noah’s Ark Circus arc of the manga very closely, while the previous seasons had strayed quite far from the original story. A two-episode OVA was also shown in theaters in Japan during this run, titled Book of Murder

As if these weren’t enough, five musical adaptations have hit the stage in Japan between 2008 and 2018. Selling out seats in Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, and Fukuoka, the shows have been so popular with fans that they have held re-run performances, also touring to China in 2015. 

In 2013, a live-action film based on the manga series was released starring Hiro Mizushima as Sebastian. It was sadly met with highly negative reviews, with some critics calling it a ‘complete failure,’ and others deeming it ‘flat and strange.’ 

However, a much more successful animated film titled Black Butler: Book of the Atlantic was released in 2017. Soon after, Funimation licenced the film in the states, and it was screened in theaters across the country.

The Black Butler Anime & Manga Series is Still Going Strong

A Black Butler video game was released in 2009 for the Nintendo DS, titled Kuroshitsuji Phantom and Ghost. Made in the style of a choose-your-own-adventure game, it was sadly not released outside of Japan. Limited edition versions of the game included a DS jacket drawn by the creator of the series, Yana Toboso, Ciel’s ring, a stationary set, and a cell phone strap. (Black Butler fans love merch.)

Where Can I Watch Black Butler

The first season of Black Butler is currently streaming on Netflix and Funimation. The second season is also available on Funimation

The third season, Black Butler: Book of Circus, can be streamed on Funimation and Hulu, with episodes available for purchase on Amazon Prime Video, YouTube, iTunes, and Google Play.

As for the film, Black Butler: Book of the Atlantic, it’s available for purchase on Amazon Prime Video, YouTube and Google Play28 volumes of the manga have been published in English thus far, with volume 29 currently being translated. The English version of Yana Toboso’s Black Butler Artworks was released in 2015, with a second in 2017, and these can be found on Amazon and other online bookstores.

Black Butler
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